Protonic-Electronic Architectures for Next  Generation Hybrid Devices 

The 21st century has seen an unprecedented proliferation of electronic devices, sharply altering the world economic map and human sociological behavior while impacting natural resources by creating massive electronic waste. The energy expended in manufacturing just one semiconductor based chip
processor exceeds the total energy used by a modern laptop over its typical 3 year lifespan. * Despite a century of progress in electrical and electronics engineering, proton based devices remain yet to be explored as viable synthetic machines although biological systems are essentially protonic. Recently, micro electronic devices are being explored for bioelectronic medicine, sensing, prosthetics and augmented biological perceptions. There are critical challenges in these devices concerning their effectivity, efficiency and compatibility with living systems where the intra-system communication is protonic /ionic (in contrast to electronic).  A  biomimetic solution is being sought (mainly by research groups in the USA and in East Asia) by development of proton transistor using polymer-water composite nanomaterials. Taking a cue from the proton transistor, we target a radical and sustainable breakthrough in device and sensor design & fabrication through research and innovation, exploiting properties of designed soap films. 


*Rep. Prog. Phys. 76 (2013) 034501 (36pp); Meredith et al.